Most people believe that flowers are just a part of a plant that serves to decorate a particular place of your residence or nature itself. However, flowers have much greater responsibilities, being a large breeder that generates a large number of seeds and these seeds are the next generation of flowers that should happen shortly. The flower is the structure responsible for the reproduction of angiosperm plants.
It is through reproduction that new plants are originated, ensuring the maintenance of ecosystems. The primary function of flowers is the production of seeds for the formation of new plants, ensuring the survival of species. Thus, the flower is responsible for the reproduction of plants. For this, they are formed by modified leaves, usually of attractive colors and different formats to attract their pollinators.
Each flower has its natural characteristic, these characteristics involve the drawings of the flowers and also the total size in which this flower can reach, all this depends on the quality and also on the place where this flower is planted. Flowers can be found in various shapes, designs, and colors, in addition, one of their main characteristics is perfume.
And each species has a different odor, remembering that this odor also changes during the stages of the year, as it depends on the quality of the flower. In addition, each species is native to a region and for it to reproduce in another region, it will be necessary to have a very similar climate or simulate the climate offered in your region. In this case, using some equipment that offers a differentiated climate.
Each flower requires a different treatment and care, as some are very fond of water and light, while others are not so fond of water and cannot directly receive sunlight, as the rays are totally harmful and can cause the flower to lose its beauty. Doubts regarding the treatment of flowers are quite common today, even because people acquire the flower, plant it and only then start to worry about how to care for this species and keep it alive.
In most cases, techniques are used or it is not planted directly in the soil, facilitating the care of this flower. However in the case of the garden, it is necessary to plant directly in the soil and before that, it is necessary to know the care that should be taken with these flowers. In addition, not all flowers provide support for planting in the garden.
What are the causes that cause flowers to wither after cutting?
As you cut the flowers and arrange them in the vase, you see that flowers wither soon. Why does this happen? There can be three main causes:
1. Disturbed water balance
As a result of the fact that contaminated water is in the vase, the vital system of the flower is blocked due to the action of microorganisms, organic substances, and air bubbles. The following problems of the water balance of cut plants can be distinguished.
- Weak leaves and flower petals. It is known that rose, chrysanthemum, bouvardia, and gerbera have a special tendency to clog the vital systems of the flower, which leads to their rapid withering.
- The dropping of rosebuds is an indirect consequence of reduced flower water consumption. The initial reason for this is the cutting of plants at the stage of their growth.
2. The disturbed balance of plant growth regulators
Most often appears due to the release of substances that cause rapid wilting of the flower. A lack or excess of growth regulators can cause the following problems:
- Ethylene is a known substance that causes the plants to wilt quickly, especially carnations, delphinium, and many other summer plants. Ethylene causes shrinking of leaves, petals, and flower buds.
- Yellowing of leaves and underdevelopment of flowers such as, for example, lilies, iris, and tulip, leaves often turn yellow a few days before the flower itself withers. The increase in the length of the stem of a tulip, for example, the stem grows by an average of ten centimeters during the time that the flower is in the vase.
- Geotropism (bending of the stem) in flowers such as, for example, gladioli, is caused by the horizontal position of the flower: the stems grow towards the light, contrary to the law of gravity.
3. The disturbed balance of flower
Plant nutrition is the driving force for the optimal development of the shape, color, and smell of the flower. In addition, the saturation of the plant also greatly depends on its proper nutrition. Lack of nutrition causes the following problems:
- An underdeveloped flower, including a bud. A flower (especially often in roses) quickly fades, not fully opening or not opening at all. This means that the flower has not passed all stages of its development.
- Flowers are not well developed. Flowers do not reach sufficient size and shape (for example, chrysanthemum, Eustoma).
- Flower petals do not achieve sufficient color intensity compared to those flowers that were not cut from the plant.
- Decrease or lack of aroma of flowers (for example, in roses)
- Spikes develop first on the lower part of the stem, and then on the upper.
Preservation of cut flowers without water
Decorate the room with cut flowers is usually done at certain moments, for example, holidays, weddings, and engagements. Unfortunately, in a matter of days, cut flowers will wither and dry out. Instead of being thrown away, you can keep the cut flower looking fresh by preserving it. There are several ways to preserve cut flowers.
1. Make sure that the cut flower is fresh if you are buying it
When you are interested in a particular flower, pay attention to the bottom of the stem then press with your finger. If what you feel is hard and wet it also means that the flowers are still fresh. If it feels soft, runny, and smells, it means the flower has been outside the refrigerator for 24 hours. Flower age can be seen from the strength of the stem. If it’s hard, it’s still new. Choose one that has a clean stem tip.
2. Buy the flower in bud stage
Select flowers that are still in bud condition. Blooming flowers have a shortage of freshness, while the buds will last longer. Arriving at home, place it in a vase, and flower buds will slowly bloom.
3. Make sure flowers are covered with paper
It is recommended that when buying, you choose flowers in a state that the flowers are still covered with paper or plastic cones, so that the flowers are protected or not easy to fall.
4. The right time to cut
If you cut you the flower in the garden yourself, you should note that each cut means stress for the plant and also for the cut flowers. It can cause the flowers to wither if they are not properly cared for. To reduce the stress factor, you should choose a time of day when the flowers are still as vital as possible. This is the case in the early morning as heat, sun rays, and the wind do not weaken the plants as much at this time. An evening cut is recommended if the day was not too hot and dry. During the day, you should only cut when the sky is cloudy and the temperature is cooler.
5. Clean the stems
Before putting the flowers, clean the stems first. Remove the mucus on the sticking stick, also remove leaves that look wilted.
6. Remove the lower leaves
Diseased and damaged leaves of the cut flowers are cut off immediately after harvesting. Otherwise, they could release substances that would favor putrefaction and negatively affect the shelf life. Generally, all leaves in the lower third of the flower stem are removed. To reduce water loss through evaporation, some leaves should also be cut off in the upper area of the stem. Flowers, where a few more leaves should be removed, include roses and chrysanthemums, as well as large-leaved species such as lilac, hydrangea, and Sunflowers.
7. Use glycerine
Prepare several ingredients, such as fresh-cut flowers, glycerin, hammers, and disposable containers (for example used cardboard). For glycerin, you can buy this chemical from the nearest chemical store or pharmacy. Glycerin can preserve flowers while maintaining the color, shape, and texture of the flowers as before. Roses are very easy to absorb glycerin so that even if it dries, the texture of the flower petals does not change at all.
- The first step, cut fresh flowers in the morning. Cut flower stems at least 15 centimeters or more according to your taste. Then open the flower petals to the ideal position so they look good when dried. For best results, dry it immediately with glycerin because wilting flowers don’t look too good if dried.
- Then, hammer the ends of the flower using the hammer. This step is done to make plants absorb glycerin to the fullest.
- Make a mixture of warm water and glycerin. Make the ratio of water and glycerin two to one. Then heat this liquid at a low temperature on the stove and boil until the glycerin dissolves.
- Pour this glycerin water solution into a disposable container, for example, used milk cartons.
- Soak the flower stems in a glycerin water solution with a depth of at least six inches. If the amount of solution is reduced because the flowers are absorbed, add more solution to the container. You have to patiently wait at least six weeks for the glycerin solution to absorb completely into the flower.
- As this process progresses, the stems and flowers will turn brown gradually. In the petals, the red color usually does not change, only a little dark. The texture of the petals will also look a bit soft like wax.
- Hanging flowers upside down when the glycerin solution is completely absorbed. This upside-down position will attract flowers with a downward force of gravity. Thus, glycerin will absorb more completely throughout the flower petals and prevent the petals from curling.
- In the final step, you just have to cut the end of the flower stem that was hit by a hammer. Your dried flowers are ready to be displayed to sweeten the room.
8. Use hairspray
Besides glycerin, it turns out hairspray also has a dual function to keep cut flowers looking fresh. However, the durability is not as long as using glycerin. Hairspray only adds a longer flower life to a few days. The freshness of flowers will be maintained if you regularly spray flowers with hairspray.
- First, prepare fresh-cut flowers and hairspray. Then spray the flowers a few centimeters from the surface. Do not get too close, because the chemicals contained in hairspray can damage flowers.
- Then, hang the flowers in the air upside down until the hairspray dries completely. Hang in a location that gets enough air intake. Finally, arrange the flowers in a vase and you can repeat this step every few days to keep the flowers looking fresh.
9. Place in a clean container
Prepare a clean flower container or vase. The presence of microorganisms in unclean containers actually triggers flower rot. Better, choose a wide-necked container so that the stem is not too tight.
10. Store at room temperature
Place flowers at normal room temperature. Do not put it in the refrigerator, some people assume that storing flowers will last longer if placed in the refrigerator. This will actually trigger flower rot more quickly and will easily wither when the flowers are placed in a normal room. Also avoid air-conditioned rooms, because air conditioning will dry the air and can shorten the life of your flowers.
11. Discard the leaves with scissors
Removing leaves will reduce the risk of flower rot. Cut the leaf stalk with scissors, so it looks neat and the scars don’t leave brownish stains.
12. Cut the oblique section of the flower stem with a sharp knife
The next method of storing long-lasting fresh flowers is to cut the sloping stems. Avoid cutting with scissors, because the slope is not good. It is recommended to use a really sharp knife so that the stem doesn’t get damaged. When the flowers are cut, the water flow, and thus the supply to the flowers and leaves is interrupted. When transported without water, the cut surface at the end of the flower stem dries quickly. It is much more important to work with the sharpest possible knife. This will prevent air from entering the cut vessels.
13. Keep out of direct sunlight
Put flowers near a door or window. It’s fine as long as you pay attention to whether your flowers are exposed to direct sunlight or not. Because certain flowers are very sensitive to sunlight. Unfortunately not if the flower must wither in a day.
14. Keep away from fruits
Putting flowers close to the fruit on the dining table should be avoided. Fruits emit ethylene gas which can speed up the process of flower decay, so it’s best to keep your beautiful flowers away from the fruits.
15. Pay attention to the leaves and stems also every day and don’t spray with water
Are some parts of the leaf starting to dry? It’s better to cut with scissors so that your flower arrangement still looks beautiful. Cut and remove stems that look wilted or dry, as this will affect the condition of your fresh flowers. Dispose of flowers that have withered because it will give effect to other flowers.
16. Coat the cotton at the end of the stem then wrap back with plastic
You can make a long-lasting flower by lining the cotton at the end of the stem. If so, you need to cover it again with plastic which is done routinely every day. But, when you want to change cotton you have to cut the stem first which is around 0.5-1cm only.
17. Use freshener
When you buy your cut flowers from the florist, you usually get a freshness-keeping agent. But also bouquets from your own garden can be made easier with a little freshener. Various fresh-keeping products are available in specialist stores as granules or in liquid form. Take the liquid version, as it is easier for the flowers to absorb. Fresh preservatives consist of sugar and antibacterial substances that are supposed to prevent bacteria from spreading.
18. Match the flowers the right way
Not all flowers agree to live together with other plant species. So, for example, cloves, lilies of the valley, primrose should not be placed next to other flowers, especially not placed in one vase. They are poisonous and adversely affect their neighbors. You do not need to make a bouquet if it contains tulips, daffodils, lilies, roses. Tulips will fade. But if you put them in the same vase with a cypress, they will last longer.
Cornflowers, poppies, daisies will begin to fade quickly if lilies are placed in the same vase with them. But some flowers must always be set separately, otherwise, they will destroy all the plants in the vase. These include roses, lilies of the valley, cloves, bird cherry. Lilies, daffodils, and orchids are also better off apart. But thuja and geranium are always welcome guests for any flowers, they preserve their freshness.
Tips to care for the cut flowers
- The first step, preparing the vase: before placing the flowers in the vase, wash it very well with warm water and detergent to remove bacteria and dust particles.
- Do not put the flowers in vases wrapped in the package, tied with a bow or other accessories that keep them strangled. Let them breathe freely.
- Use a very sharp knife or scissors, which cut well, so as not to break or crush the flower stem.
- Cut the flower tails vertically, at a distance of at least one cm from the base to increase the area that comes into contact with water. It would be preferable to cut them at a 45-degree angle.
- One of the reasons why flowers wither faster is in contact with air. To prevent this from happening, cut the flower tails when they are submerged in water or by holding them under a stream of water.
- Also to prevent the freshly cut stem from coming into contact with the air, make sure you transfer the flowers to a vase of water as soon as you have cut them.
- Leave the flowers in the vase with water for at least 5 hours, before you start arranging them, to acclimatize.
- The flowers will last a few more days if you put them in the fridge, in the cold, before going to bed. The ideal temperature for cut flowers is between 0.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.
- Tropical flowers need a higher temperature, so it is not recommended to keep them in the refrigerator. They should be stored in a room with temperatures between 10 and 13 degrees Celsius.
- If you have your own garden and want to cut flowers to put in a vase, make sure you do this in the coolest part of the day, preferably early in the morning. The reason is that in cold periods, the flowers lose much less water, so they will stay fresh longer.
- For stronger flowers, they must be cut when they reach the right stage of development. Flowers with several buds on the wire, such as hyacinths or orchids, should be cut if they have at least one bud that is starting to bloom. Instead, flowers with a single bud on the wire, such as sunflowers, should be allowed to bloom completely before being cut.
- Flowers also need space, so don’t try to pile them in a small container. If you do not have a large enough vase, you can separate them into smaller ones.
Here are the ways mentioned by which you can preserve your cut flowers for overnight without water. However, water is the most important element that is needed for maintaining the longevity and freshness of the flower. If you lengthen the time delay of putting your flower in the vase of water, no matter what tip or trick you apply, it will wither soon. Therefore, you should put the flowers as soon as possible in the clean water. You can also put some preservatives in the water like soda drinks. Such as 7 Up or any other soda drink. You can even put a copper coin or sugar or little vodka to make your flowers last longer.